This pair of lancet windows are designed to be read together. The right hand panel shows Jesus talking to the sisters, Martha and Mary who occupy the left panel.
The siblings Martha, Mary and Lazarus often welcomed Jesus into their home in Bethany, a village near the Mount of Olives. In chapter 10 of his gospel St Luke describes how Mary sits at Jesus' feet listening to his teaching while Martha does all the work of preparing the meal. In the window we can see Martha bringing wine and a pie to the table. Martha gets a bit miffed by her unequal share and asks Jesus why she should do all the work. Jesus tells her that Mary has made the better choice by focussing on the important things in life rather than everyday distractions (like eating). Luke doesn't tell us if the sisters overcame their disagreement!
The window was commissioned by the then Rector, the Reverend William Lancaster Taylor as a "thank offering to God for family mercies".
The Latin inscription, supported on a scroll by two angels, reads:
"Laus Deo has Deo gratias dit Guilelmus Lancaster Taylor, hugs parochiae 23 annos Rector,
cui filii tres Agustinus Robertus, et Haroldus Lancaster, et Johannes Horatius Newsham, Universitas Oxoniensis Magistari, patriae more in Sanctae Ecclesiae Ministerium dediti MCMX."
A crude translation might be:
"Praise and thanks to God from William Lancaster Taylor, Rector of this Parish for 23 years,
for his three sons Augustine Robert, Harold Lancaster and John Horatio Newsham
Masters of Oxford University, from their father in holy ministry. 1910"
(Improvements to this translation gratefully received!)